for n in range(1, 101): if n % 3 == 0: print("FizzBuzz" if n % 5 == 0 else "Fizz") continue print("Buzz" if n % 5 == 0 else n)
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Let's start by looking at the complete Fizz Buzz algorithm in Python:
for i in range(1, 101): line = '' if i % 3 == 0: line += "Fizz" if i % 5 == 0: line += "Buzz" if not line: line += str(i) print(line)
Before we dig into the code too much, let's take a look at the rules:
If a number is divisible by 3, print the word 'Fizz' instead of the number. If the number is divisible by 5, print the word 'Buzz' instead of the number. Finally, if the number is divisible by both 3 and 5, print 'FizzBuzz' instead of the number. Otherwise, just print the number.
You can test for divisibility using the modulo operator. The modulo operator divides two numbers and yields the remainder, so i modulo j is 0 if i is divisible by j. In Python, this is written as i % j. Then, it's a simple matter of checking whether i % 3 == 0 or i % 5 == 0.
You'll notice first how everything is properly indented. This is not just good code style, Python actually enforces it. There's no need to declare variables as Python is what's called a weakly typed language. That means it can figure out what type a variable should be on the fly.
In the very first line, we'll notice a loop:
for i in range(1, 101):
Here, we loop through all the numbers from 1 to 100.
From there, we set the variable line to an empty string and begin our testing:
line = '' if i % 3 == 0: line += "Fizz" if i % 5 == 0: line += "Buzz" if not line: line += str(i)
If the number is divisible by 3, as explained above, we add the word "Fizz" to
the empty string. If it's divisible by 5, we add the word "Buzz". Notice the
efficiency here. We don't need and because by simply adding "Buzz", we meet the
requirement for the case where the number is divisible by 3 and 5, or just 5.
Then we add i to the empty string if the string is still empty.
Notice that an empty string returns false. This is a concept called falsey.
Finally, we print the result of line on every iteration:
Since we declare an empty string at every iteration, we don't have to worry about line containing any junk from the previous iteration.
To run the Fizz Buzz in Python program, grab a copy of the Python file from GitHub. After that, get the latest version of Python. Now, all you have to do is run the following from the command line:
Alternatively, you can always copy the source code into an online Python interpreter and hit run.